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SERIES 638 CONNECTING ROD

The connecting rod is forged to an I" section with the piston pin bore at the upper end and a bearing cap at the lower end. ‪

The upper end of the connecting rod is machined and fit with a bushing for the piston pin. The piston pin is a full-floating design secured to the piston with two retaining rings. The lower bearing cap is secured to the connecting rod by two machined bolts and nuts. See Figure 28409 . ‪

1.End Cap ‪

4.Connecting Rod Bushing ‪

2.Connecting Rod Bearing ‪

5.Connecting Rod ‪

3.Connecting Rod Bearing ‪

6.Hex Head Flange Bolt ‪

Connecting Rod and Related Parts

Repair or Replacement of Connecting Rod

To determine if repair or replacement of the connecting rod is necessary, perform the following procedure. See Figure 28424 . ‪

Flowchart for Repair or Replacement of Connecting Rod

Disassemble of Connecting Rod

Disassemble the connecting rod as follows: ‪

  1. Remove the piston and connecting rod. Refer to section .
  2. Disassemble the piston and piston rings. Refer to section .
  3. Remove the connecting rod bearings. See Figure 28409 .

    1.End Cap ‪

    4.Connecting Rod Bushing ‪

    2.Connecting Rod Bearing ‪

    5.Connecting Rod ‪

    3.Connecting Rod Bearing ‪

    6.Hex Head Flange Bolt ‪

    Connecting Rod Bearing Location

Cleaning of Connecting Rod

Clean the connecting rod as follows: ‪

  1. Remove any dirt or debris from the connecting rod using clean fuel oil.

    To avoid personal injury when blow drying, wear adequate eye protection (safety glasses or face plate) and do not exceed 276 kPa (40 lb/in. 2 ) air pressure. ‪

  2. Dry the connecting rod with compressed air.
Inspection of Connecting Rod

Inspect the connecting rod as follows: ‪

  1. Visually inspect the connecting rod for wear.
    1. If the connecting rod is excessively worn, replace the component. Refer to section .
    2. If the connecting rod is not excessively worn, proceed with step of inspection.
  2. Visually inspect the connecting rod for cracks.
    1. If the connecting rod is cracked, replace the component. Refer to section .
    2. If the connecting rod is not cracked, proceed with step of inspection.
  3. Measure connecting rod axis for parallelism. See Figure 28413 .
    1. If the connecting rod deviation exceeds 0.05 mm ( 0.0019 in.) in all directions measured outside of the piston pin and at a distance of 100 mm (3.94 in.) from the centerline, replace component. Refer to section .
    2. If the connecting rod deviation is within 0.05 mm ( 0.0019 in.) in all directions measured outside of the piston pin and at a distance of 100 mm (3.94 in.) from the centerline, proceed with step of inspection.
    3. Measuring Connecting Rod Parallelism

  4. Measure the internal end bearing diameter of the connecting rod L" (see Figure 28415 ). Compare measured results to the specification values listed in Table .

    Note: The connecting rod bearings must be fitted on the connecting rod and the connecting rod bolts must be installed and torqued 29 N m (21 lb ft) plus a 605 torque turn (using torque angle gauge VM 1005) before measurements can be taken.

    1. If the internal end bearing diameter is not within specifications, replace the component. Refer to section .
    2. If the internal end bearing diameter is within specifications, replace the component. Refer to section .
    3. Measuring Internal End Bearing Diameter

      Bearing Size

      Diameter of Connecting Rod Big End Journal (H)

      Diameter of Connecting Rod Bearing (L)

      Standard ‪

      53.995-53.940 mm (2.1257-2.1236 in.) ‪

      53.977-54.016 mm (2.1250-2.1266 in.) ‪

      0.125 mm (0.0049 in.) US ‪

      53.830-53.815 mm (2.1192-2.1186 in.) ‪

      53.852-53.891 mm (2.1202-2.1217 in.) ‪

      0.250 mm (0.0098 in.) US ‪

      53.705-53.690 mm (2.1143-2.1137 in.) ‪

      53.727-53.766 mm (2.1152-2.1168 in.) ‪

      0.500 mm (0.0196 in.) US ‪

      53.445-53.440 mm (2.1041-2.1039 in.) ‪

      53.477-53.516 mm (2.1053-2.1069 in.) ‪

      Connecting Rod End Bearing Specifications

      Note: Journal bearing clearance: 0.030-0.064 mm (0.0011-0.0025 in.)

      Note: Minimum admissible diameter: 53.440 mm (2.1039 in.)

Installation of Connecting Rod

Assemble the connecting rod as follows: ‪

NOTICE:

To avoid engine damage, ensure that the connecting rod bushing lubrication hole is aligned with the lubrication hole on the connecting rod. ‪

  1. Install the connecting rod bearings to the connecting rod and end cap. See Figure 28409 .

    1.End Cap ‪

    4.Connecting Rod Bushing ‪

    2.Connecting Rod Bearing ‪

    5.Connecting Rod ‪

    3.Connecting Rod Bearing ‪

    6.Hex Head Flange Bolt ‪

    Connecting Rod Component Parts Location

  2. Assemble the piston and piston rings. Refer to section .
  3. Install the piston and connecting rod. Refer to section .
  4. Run engine to verify repairs.