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To determine if a defective starter is causing no start, perform the following steps: ‪

  1. Place the red lead of a voltmeter to the solenoid "BAT'' or terminal; see Figure 20539 .

    1. Red Lead ‪

    4. Black Lead ‪

    2. Starter Ground ‪

    5. Voltmeter ‪

    3. Solenoid Terminal ‪

    Cranking Motor Available Voltage Test

  2. Place the black voltmeter lead to the starter ground terminal; see Figure 20539 .
  3. Engage the starter switch.
  4. View the voltage reading on the meter.
    1. If the voltage is less than specification (refer to OEM guidelines) while cranking the engine, starter replacement is necessary; refer to section .
    2. If the voltage is to specification (refer to OEM guidelines) while attempting to crank the engine, check for internal damage; refer to section .

Starter Replacement

Perform the following steps for starter replacement: ‪

  1. Replace the starter; refer to section .
  2. Verify replacement of starter; refer to section .
Test Engine with New Starter

Perform the following steps to determine if the new starter resolved no start condition: ‪

  1. Attempt to start and run the engine.
    1. If the engine starts and runs, no further troubleshooting is required. Shut down the engine.
    2. If the engine fails to start or run, check for internal engine damage. Refer to section .