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The flywheel is attached to the rear end of the crankshaft with twelve bolts. The bolt holes in the crankshaft and flywheel are equally spaced. The flywheel is not indexed to the crankshaft, and may be installed in any position. A scuff plate is used between the flywheel and the bolt heads to prevent the bolt heads from scoring the flywheel surface. See Figure 27858 for a typical Series 60G flywheel assembly or see Figure 24103 for a typical diesel flywheel assembly. ‪

1. Bolt ‪

5. Crankshaft ‪

2. Scuff Plate ‪

6. Flywheel Housing Spacer ‪

3. Flywheel ‪

7. Ring Gear ‪

4. Flywheel Housing ‪

Typical Flywheel Assembly (Series 60G Engine)

1. Bolt (12) ‪

4. Flywheel Housing ‪

2. Scuff Plate ‪

5. Crankshaft ‪

3. Flywheel ‪

6. Ring Gear ‪

Typical Flywheel Assembly (Diesel)

A steel ring gear, which meshes with the starting motor pinion, is shrunk onto the rim of the flywheel. ‪

The flywheel is machined to provide true alignment with the clutch. The clutch plate, if used, is bolted to the flywheel with 3/8 in.-16 bolts. ‪

The flywheel must be removed for service operations such as replacing the starter ring gear, crankshaft oil seal, crankshaft or the flywheel housing. ‪

Repair or Replacement of Flywheel

To determine if repair is possible or replacement is necessary, perform the following procedure. See Figure 21775 . ‪

Flowchart for Repair or Replacement of Flywheel

Removal and Cleaning of Flywheel

Precleaning is not necessary. ‪

Remove the flywheel as follows: ‪

  1. Remove the inspection plug in the bottom of the flywheel housing.
  2. Install the flywheel lock, J 36375A . See Figure 24013 .
  3. Thread the center screw of the tool in until the tip of the tool rests between two teeth of the flywheel ring gear.

    Note: It may be necessary to bar the engine over (using the square hole in the middle of the crankshaft pulley) so that the tool center screw is exactly between two teeth.

  4. Finger-tighten the knurled knob.
  5. Remove eleven of the twelve flywheel attaching bolts, leaving one bolt at the 12 o'clock position.
  6. Install two flywheel guide studs, J 36235 , through the flywheel and into the crankshaft at the 3 and 9 o'clock positions. See Figure 20178 .

    Flywheel Guide Studs

  7. Attach the flywheel lifting tool, J 25026 20179 , or some other suitable lifting device, to the flywheel. See Figure 20179 .

    Flywheel Removal

  8. Attach a chain hoist to the lifting tool.
  9. Loosen, but do not remove the last flywheel attaching bolt.
  10. Remove the flywheel lock.


    To avoid injury from a falling flywheel when removing the last bolt, hold the flywheel against the crankshaft by hand to prevent it from slipping off the crankshaft. The flywheel is not doweled to the crankshaft.

  11. Remove the last flywheel attaching bolt and scuff plate. (Discard scuff plate.)
  12. Remove flywheel.
Inspection of Flywheel

Inspect the flywheel as follows: ‪

  1. Inspect the clutch contact base of the flywheel.
    1. Check clutch contact base for scoring, wear, or cracks.
    2. The flywheel may be refaced, if the clutch contact face is scored or worn.
    3. Note: Do not remove more than 0.508 mm (0.020 in.) material from the flywheel. Maintain all of the radii when resurfacing.

    4. The flywheel must be replaced, if the clutch contact face shows cracks.
  2. Inspect the ring gear.
    1. Check ring gear for excessively worn or damaged gear teeth.
    2. If damaged gear teeth are detected, replace the ring gear. Refer to section .
  3. Inspect crankshaft and flywheel contact surface.
    1. Check the butt end of the crankshaft and flywheel contact surface for fretting, brinelling, or burrs. See Figure 20180 .
    2. Lightly stone the contact surface to remove any fretting, brinelling, or burrs.
    3. Crankshaft and Flywheel Mating Surfaces

Installation of Flywheel

Install the flywheel as follows: ‪

  1. Install two flywheel guide studs, J 36235 , into two of the tapped holes in the crankshaft at the 3 and 9 o'clock position.
  2. Attach the flywheel lifting tool and, using a chain hoist, position the flywheel in the flywheel housing. Align the flywheel bolt holes with the crankshaft bolt holes.


    A new scuff plate must be used whenever the flywheel is removed. Failure to replace the scuff plate may cause the flywheel bolts to loosen, even when torqued correctly. ‪

  3. Using a new scuff, install two bolts with International Compound #2 (or equivalent) through the plate 180 degrees from each other.
  4. Install the flywheel lock, J 36375A . See Figure 24013 .
  5. Remove the flywheel lifting tool and guide studs.
  6. Apply International Compound #2 (or equivalent) to the threads and to the bolt head contact area (underside) of the remaining bolts. The bolt threads must be completely filled with International Compound #2 (or equivalent). Any excess must be wiped off. See Figure 20181 .

    Flywheel Bolt Preparation

    Note: International Compound #2 or equivalent must never be used between two surfaces where maximum friction is desired, as between the crankshaft and the flywheel.

  7. Install the bolts and torque them to 75 Nm (55 lbft).
  8. Turn the bolts an additional 60 degrees, or 1flat on a six-point bolt. See Figure 44515 .

    Torque Turn Limits

  9. Remove the flywheel lock tool, J 36375A .
  10. Install the pipe plug and torque to 45-56 Nm (33-41 lbft).
  11. Mount a dial indicator with a magnetic base on the flywheel housing. See Figure 20183 .

    Measuring Flywheel Run-out

  12. Check the run-out of the flywheel at the clutch contact face.
  13. The maximum allowable run-out is 0.001 mm per millimeter of radius (0.001 in. per inch of radius) total indicator reading per inch of radius (or 0.001 mm per millimeter of radius). The radius is measured from the center of the flywheel to the outer edge of the clutch contact face of the flywheel. Example: A 14 in. clutch would allow 0.177 mm (0.007 in.) total indicator reading.
  14. If maximum total indicator reading exceeds, 0.001 mm per millimeter of radius (0.001 in. per inch of radius), it may be necessary to repeat the assembly procedure until the cause can be detected and eliminated.