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SERIES 60 CRANKSHAFT OIL SEALS

An oil seal is fitted between each end of the crankshaft and the bores of the flywheel housing and gear case cover to retain the lubricating oil in the crankcase. In certain applications, the seal must also prevent transmission oil from migrating into the engine. Seals are pressed into the bores after the housing or cover is assembled to the engine. See Figures 20111 and . ‪

Crankshaft Rear Oil Seal

Crankshaft Front Oil Seal

Current seals feature a lay down sealing lip of low-friction PTFE with unidirectional spiral pumping grooves. An outer dust-exclusion lip keeps airborne dirt away from the primary sealing lip. The sealing lip does not touch the crankshaft, because an integral wear sleeve provides the running surface and protects the lip during installation. A separate replacement wear sleeve is not needed. The wear sleeve and outer carrier are joined together, forming a unitized seal assembly. ‪

Because of the spiral grooves on the sealing lip, a front crankshaft seal will leak if installed at the rear, and a rear crankshaft seal will leak if installed at the front. ‪

Wet-flywheel-housing applications require a double-lip rear seal to prevent transmission oil from migrating into the engine. This seal is similar to the single lip seals except for the extra lip, and the wear sleeve and outer carrier are not joined together. ‪

NOTICE:

Failure to use the correct seal according to location on the engine or according to flywheel housing type or application may result in seal damage, oil leakage, or damage to the engine and the vehicle or equipment into which it is installed. ‪

All engines may be serviced with the current-production front seal. However, engines built before serial number 06R0491683 were built with a different design of rear crankshaft seal (dry flywheel housings only). This seal may not be serviced with the current rear seal because the current rear seal requires a cast-in rib on the flywheel housing and block to direct additional oil to the seal for cooling. See Figures 44508 and .

1. Rib Location ‪

Cast-in-Rib Front View

1. Rib Location ‪

Cast-in-Rib Rear View

Service replacements of the old design rear seal are shipped as an assembly consisting of a seal installed over a separate wear sleeve. The sleeve is pressed onto the crankshaft hub with the seal to provide a new running surface. This sleeve must be installed with replacement seals to prevent seal damage or oil leakage. ‪

Replacement of Oil Seal

To determine if replacement is necessary, perform the following procedure. See Figure 44494 . To determine whether flywheel housing runout is excessive, refer to section . ‪

Flowchart for Replacement of Crankshaft Oil Seal

Removal of Front or Rear Crankshaft Oil Seal (Gear Case Cover or Flywheel Housing Removed)

Perform the following procedures to remove the crankshaft seal from the gear case cover or flywheel housing if the cover or housing has been removed from the engine. ‪

NOTICE:

Due to the possibility of damage to the crankshaft oil seals, any time the gear case cover or flywheel housing is removed from the engine, the crankshaft oil seals must be replaced. ‪

  1. Support the outer face of the gear case housing or flywheel housing on wood blocks.
  2. Drive the oil seal out with a brass drift and hammer. Clean the seal bore in the gear case cover or flywheel housing and clean the surfaces of the crankshaft. See Figure 20113 .

    Crankshaft Oil Seal Removal

    Note: Crocus cloth may be used to remove dirt and rust and to clean up the high spots from the surface of the crankshaft and gear case cover or flywheel housing bore. Clean the contact surfaces thoroughly.

  3. If the crankshaft oil seal wear sleeve remains installed on the hub of the crankshaft, reinstall the gear case cover or flywheel housing.
  4. Remove the wear sleeve using wear sleeve remover (J-37075-A). See Figure 31123 . Refer to section .

    Crankshaft Wear Sleeve Remover Tool

Removal of Front or Rear Crankshaft Oil Seal (Gear Case Cover or Flywheel Housing Still Installed)

The crankshaft oil seals may be taken out without removing the gear case cover or flywheel housing. This may be done by using crankshaft oil seal removal tool (J-41329). ‪

Note: To assist seal removal, thoroughly clean all rust and dirt from the crankshaft surface. Application of penetrating oil to the wear sleeve and crankshaft hub may also aid seal removal.

Remove the seal as follows: ‪

  1. Install the crankshaft oil seal removal tool, ( J-41329) over crankshaft and hold against seal. See Figure 32265 .
  2. Using a variable speed drill motor and 5/32 inch drill bit, drill through outer and inner case of seal using the smallest hole A as a guide.
  3. Without moving the removal tool (J-41329) , drill five additional A holes equally spaced. See Figure 32265 .

    Removing Front Crankshaft Oil Seal from Gear Case Cover or Flywheel Housing

    Note: Use all six holes to ensure removal is successful. Drive screws carefully, the threads can strip easily when using an electric driver.

  4. Remove any metal chips from the face of the seal, the crankshaft and the bore surface.
  5. Rotate the removal tool ( J-41329) clockwise until the B holes align with drilled holes and install sheet metal screws.
  6. Apply extreme pressure lubricant (J-23444-A) (part of J-35686-B) to forcing screw and remove seal.

    Note: Seals may be difficult to remove due to debris on the crankshaft preventing the wear sleeve from passing over the crankshaft. Push the seal 1/8 inch, clean the crankshaft surface thoroughly and repeat the removal procedure. Application of penetrating oil to the wear sleeve and crankshaft hub may also aid seal removal.

  7. Remove the sheet metal screws from the tool. Discard the oil seal.
  8. If a crankshaft oil seal wear sleeve remains installed on the hub of the crankshaft, remove the wear sleeve using the wear sleeve remover (J-37075-A). Refer to section for removal instructions.
  9. Clean the seal bore in the gear case cover or flywheel housing and clean the surfaces of the crankshaft.

    Note: Crocus cloth may be used to remove dirt, rust and to clean up the high spots from the surface of the crankshaft and gear case cover bore. Thoroughly clean the contact surfaces.

Removal of Wear Sleeve from Crankshaft Hub

If the seal that was removed used a separate wear sleeve, the old wear sleeve must also be removed. Use the following procedure to remove wear sleeve. ‪

  1. Remove worn wear sleeve using crankshaft wear sleeve remover tool (J-37075-A). See Figure 20115
  2. Install the protective hardened steel sleeve removal tool into the bore of the gear case cover or flywheel housing. Insert tool between protective sleeve and wear sleeve.Using a socket and breaker bar, rotate tool in three different locations, 2, 4 and 8 o'clock positions, to score the sleeve until sleeve stretches sufficiently enough to be slipped off the end of the crankshaft.

    Note: Crocus cloth may be used to clean up the high spots from the surface of the crankshaft.

  3. Thoroughly clean the crankshaft contact surface.

    Rear Oil Seal Wear Sleeve Removal

Installation of Front and Rear Crankshaft Oil Seal and Wear Sleeve

All replacement oil seals provide a replacement wear surface at the point of contact with the sealing lip. The oil seal assembly is installed using the crankshaft oil seal sleeve installation tool set (J-35686B). ‪

See Figure 45331 for the general installation tool set. ‪

The collar and spacer usage is dependant on the part number of the seal to be installed. See Table . ‪

1. Thrust Bearing ‪

3. Guide Stud Retaing O-ring ‪

2. Crankshaft Seal ‪

Crankshaft Oil Seal and Sleeve Installation Tool Set J 35686-B

Crankshaft Seal Application

Seal Part Number

Collar

Spacers

Front ‪

23518355 ‪

J-3568620 ‪

J-3568611 ‪

Rear, Dry Housing ‪

23516969 (assembly containes seal part no. 23501544) ‪

J-3568610 ‪

J-356866 and J-3568611 ‪

Rear, Dry Housing ‪

23519651 ‪

J-3568620 ‪

J-356866 and J-3568611 ‪

Rear, Wet Housing ‪

23513578 ‪

J-3568610 ‪

J-356866 and J-3568611 ‪

Crankshaft Seal Tool Application

NOTICE:

Ensure that the crankshaft hub and bolt surface, gear case cover, flywheel housing bore and contact surfaces of the installation tools are free of dirt, grit, rust or raised metal. Clean thoroughly with crocus cloth if needed. Ensure that an old wear sleeve is not installed onto the crankshaft hub. Refer to section for wear sleeve removal instructions. ‪

NOTICE:

The incorrect installation of the oil seal will cause immediate seal leakage, or will reduce the life of the seal significantly. ‪

Perform the followings steps to install the front and rear oil seals and sleeves: ‪

  1. Lubricate the rubber outer diameter of the oil seal with clean engine oil. Lubricate the gear case cover or flywheel housing bore with clean engine oil.

    NOTICE:

    Failure to lubricate the outside of the seal and the inside of the bore prior to installation may damage seal causing seal to leak. ‪

  2. Install two guide studs (J-35686-2) through the holes provided in the center guide assembly (J-35686-1) and into two of the tapped holes in the crankshaft 180 degrees apart. Tighten the guide studs using the appropriate wrench on the flats of the studs. The base must be tight against the end of the crankshaft. See Figure 45331 .
  3. Install the spacers to the center screw of the base. Refer to Table and Figure .

    Spacer Installation

  4. Slide the oil seal assembly over the installer base as far onto the crankshaft hub as possible. Slide collar with the stepped side contacting the seal. Slide the installer cup over the guide studs and installer base. See Figure 20122 and Table .

    Oil Seal and Sleeve Installation

  5. Lubricate the center screw of the base with extreme pressure lubricant (J-23444-A). Install the thrust bearing with the case side toward the installer cup and install the hex nut to the center screw of the base. See Figure 20123 .

    Thrust Bearing Installation

  6. Finger tighten the hex nut until snug.
  7. Install a ratchet and socket onto the hex nut.
  8. Tighten the hex nut until the oil seal and wear sleeve are pressed into the flywheel housing or gear case cover.
  9. When the inside surface of the housing is seated firmly against the base and spacers the seal and sleeve are properly installed. Remove tools.
  10. Measure the face squareness of the outside diameter of the crankshaft seal using a runout gage installed on the crankshaft. If the total indicator reading is more then 0.762 mm (0.030 in.) the seal must be removed and a new seal installed.